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While the United Nations Global warming conference was held in Glasgow Scotland and set several actions points to rescue the global against climate change, the East African communities have not made any tangible behavior changes in their lives.
In every great lake country, we observed a lot of loss caused by climate change impact such as flood, raising of water in several lakes, rivers, and even in the Indian Ocean. Many people were forced to flee from their homes and several public infrastructures such as roads, bridges, schools, dispensaries were damaged.
The environment is still challenged with several Problems facilitated by human activities such as burning natural forests, deforestation, and the continuation of small agriculture to the sources of water which lead to unnecessary drought to certain areas in lake zone countries.
Speaking in the East African meeting point program aired by the Buha Radio on Sunday this week the social analyst Mr. Godfrey Christian who lives in the Kagera region in northern-western Tanzania, said African leaders still have a chance to learn more from other continents on how they are taking seriously the global climate change effects, at least to follow the United Nations mission or target to stop global temperatures from rising more than 2°C (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
“The early action must be taken to our governments, to recover the problem happens because the disappearance of our originality or reality environment like lakes Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and others African heritages it will be a big challenge that why the fast action should be taken”.
The United Nations global climate change conference held in Paris France 2015 different leaders discussed together some of them was the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk joined 150 other leaders at the opening event held on 30 November 2015.
The long-term goal governments on that conference agreed to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. In that meeting national governments, they were already expected good things to reaching their target to solutions of global climate change over the whole worldly, because the Expectation realized before and during the Paris conference countries to submitted comprehensive national climate action plans in order to reduce their emissions.
How Global Climate change affects African natural environment
There are so many effects associated with the absence environment defense for many African countries especially East African, their prominent areas such as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, Rwenzori in Uganda, Rivers like river Kivu located in Congo DRC and Lake Tanganyika and Victoria are at risk of distinction.
The Warmer temperature over time is changed weather patterns and disrupted the usual balance of nature. Some environment analysts looked at this as a major source of many risks to human beings and all other normal life in the world.
According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and partners in their report published on Tuesday 17 October 2021, said the Climate change contributed to mounting food insecurity, poverty and displacement in Africa last year.
Also the State of the Climate in Africa 2020 report highlights the continent’s disproportionate vulnerability but also reveals how investing in climate adaptation, early warning systems, and weather and climate services, can pay off. The WMO Secretary-General, Petteri Taalas said the climate indicators in Africa during last year 2020 were characterized by continued warming temperatures, accelerating sea-level rise, extreme weather, and climate events such as floods, landslides and droughts.
Although there are so many crucial agreements reached with the world leaders but some challenges still affect the Earth in general. As we know! The International governments prospective matter held for several meeting occurred in difference session portrayed good efforts to their memberships such as the Paris Agreement aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions although is never an easy task to governments leaders for developed and developing countries to limit dangerous global warming.
Remember the United Nations UN Frameworks like Kyoto Protocol held 2005. The Kyoto Protocol adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, was the first legally binding climate treaty. It required developed countries to reduce emissions by an average of 5 percent below 1990 levels, and established a system to monitor countries progress. But the treaty did not compel developing countries, including major carbon emitters China and India to take action. The United States US signed the agreement in 1998 but never ratified it and later withdrew its signature.
In general, Global climate change is still a worldwide agender. African governments need to spend their budget to establish and improve strong policies to protect their natural areas against the global climate change effects.
This story was written by. Joel Daud (Buha FM Radio)